What tools should be used for proper oral hygiene?

Daily preventative hygiene, including brushing, flossing, and mouthwash, helps keep dental problems under control before they get worse.

The toothbrush: which one to choose and how to use it
The toothbrush is the most important tool for the prevention of tooth decay and gum disease, because it is able to remove food residues and bacterial plaque .

It is important to first identify the toothbrush that best suits your needs. The dentist will advise you whether to use soft, medium or hard bristles depending on the conformation of the gum. The ideal would be to use a small brush enough to reach all surfaces of the teeth, with soft bristles and rounded tip .

Another debated topic is the choice between manual or electric toothbrush . The latter guarantees a deeper cleaning, so it is recommended to use it at least when you are at home. When traveling, for greater convenience, the classic toothbrush is fine, which is still very effective if used correctly.

We talked about it more in depth here: electric toothbrush vs manual

The brushing technique changes depending on whether it is the teeth present in the upper or lower arch. For the teeth present in the upper upper arch the action must take place from the top downwards , while for those present in the lower arch from the bottom upwards . This allows you to reach the interproximal spaces without damaging the gums.

Remember to tilt the brush about 45 ° and carefully clean the back of the teeth as well, using the tip of the toothbrush if necessary.

The toothbrush should be replaced every 3 months.