Is fluoride bad for your teeth? Let’s be clear

The Fluoride is a mineral that has the unique ability to bind with minerals that make tooth enamel, strengthening it. So is fluoride bad for your teeth? Given its ability to make dental enamel more resistant to acid attacks, we could say no. In fact, fluoride performs a truly fundamental protective and remineralizing function: every day our teeth are exposed to the aggression of the acids produced by plaque, capable of affecting the protective shield of the teeth over time.

The demineralization of the teethopens the door to the development of caries, small at first, then potentially larger and deeper as the tooth demineralizes more and more. Thanks to its ability to remineralize tooth enamel and make teeth stronger and harder to attack by caries-causing acids, fluoride is a crucial mineral for oral health. But why is he then accused and why are there those who say that fluoride is bad for the teeth ?

It must essentially be said that fluoride can be administered to adults and children through two methods: topically and systemically. Fluoride taken topically, or external, is that commonly contained within classic toothpastes, mouthwashes or other products used for the health and hygiene of the mouth, including some chewable gum that should replace the use of the toothbrush when you are out of the house .

Is this type of fluoride bad for your teeth? No, if you do not overdo it and if you do not take it in the wrong way: the fluoride taken through toothpaste or mouthwash, acts externally on the tooth, on the enamel, on the gums and on the mucous membranes of the mouth helping to strengthen its defenses against attack of plaque and bacteria.
The fluoride is thus activated by brushing the teeth or by rinsing the mouth, so this use of fluoride is not bad for the teeth. The situation is different when young children use fluoride-rich toothpastes without parental supervision, because the risk of ingestion is high. In that case, is fluoride bad for your teeth? No, but it’s not really healthy to ingest it in this form.

The other way to take fluoride is systemically : pediatricians or specialized dentists often prescribe fluoride in the form of supplements, to be mixed with water or food, to be taken by children to strengthen dental enamel. Is this type of fluoride bad for your teeth or health? In reality, even in this case, as long as it is under medical supervision, fluoride has the specific task of reinforcing the components of the dental enamel by helping the little ones to develop healthy teeth and resistant to the attacks of bacteria responsible for the formation of plaque and therefore of caries.

So why are there those who say that fluoride is bad for your teeth or health? Let’s try to better understand what are the mechanisms that could lead to some problems and how to avoid them.